Approaches to ensuring
farmers' participation in decision-making
relevant decision-making would be important for different reasons under the two
approaches. Under the stewardship approach, the most important objectives would
be to ensure legal space for farmers to continue as custodians and innovators
of plant genetic resources, and to establish reward mechanisms for farmers'
contributions to the global genetic pool. Under the ownership approach, the
goals would be to ensure appropriate legislation on access and benefit sharing,
and to safeguard farmers' intellectual property rights to genetic resources in
their fields and related knowledge. Obviously, these two sets of objectives
could be conflicting.