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THE CONTENTS OF FARMERS' RIGHTS:

Approaches to farmers' customary use of propagating material

Farmers' customary use of propagating material, their right to save, use, exchange and sell farm-saved seed and propagating material, could likewise be handled variously. Under the stewardship approach, it is vital to uphold the legal space for farmers to save, use, exchange and sell farm-saved seed and propagating material. Many regulations are currently reducing this space, thereby threatening farmers' possibilities to maintain and breed plant genetic resources, as well as their livelihoods (see 'barriers to Farmers' Rights'). In terms of an ownership approach, the most important goal is to introduce farmers' intellectual property rights to varieties in their fields on an equal footing with breeders' rights. Arguments related to this objective have been discussed above. India's Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights Act of 2001 represents a noteworthy approach that seeks to combine these two sets of objectives.



Pages in this sub-section:
   THE CONTENTS OF FARMERS' RIGHTS
   Two approaches to Farmers' Rights
   Approaches to protecting farmers' traditional knowledge
   Approaches to ensuring equitable benefit sharing
   Approaches to ensuring farmers' participation in decision-making
   Approaches to farmers' customary use of propagating material
   Conditions for the combination of approaches
   Towards a common ground of understanding
   What this may mean in practice
Top top
 In this section:
  ABOUT FARMERS' RIGHTS
  Farmers' Rights in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
  Why Farmers' Rights matter
  The contents of Farmers' Rights
  History of Farmers' Rights in the FAO
  Farmers' Rights in the literature
  Civil Society Organizations' approaches to Farmers' Rights

Photo: G. Ulutuncok