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WHY FARMERS' RIGHTS MATTER:

Farmers' realities as context

Farmers, particularly in marginal environments, are faced with many challenges in their daily lives. Farming is intrinsically linked to access to land, water and other input factors such as labour, knowledge, and technology, in addition to seeds and other propagating material. Thus, when farmers are asked to identify what they regard as their rights, they often mention issues like land rights, access to water, to seed and other related rights, such as access to information, rights to safety and health – and frequently highlight the interrelations between these rights (see also CSO approaches to Farmers' Rights). In such a context, Farmers' Rights are commonly referred to as a bundle of rights.

On this website, we focus on Farmers' Rights related to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture – as they are set out in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (Article 9). This is not to say that the other issues are not important. Rather it is to enable targeted action within this area so crucial for farming – as a contribution to the implementation of the International Treaty. It is vital to be aware of – and recognize – the broader context and its interrelations, while concentrating on Farmers' Rights related to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture.

The realization of Farmers' Rights depends crucially on the ability to build on the realities and needs of farmers. This in turn means that the participation of farmers and their organization in such processes is a central point.



Pages in this sub-section:
   WHY FARMERS' RIGHTS MATTER
   The agricultural biodiversity argument
   The poverty eradication argument
   Farmers' realities as context
Top top
 In this section:
  ABOUT FARMERS' RIGHTS
  Farmers' Rights in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
  Why Farmers' Rights matter
  The contents of Farmers' Rights
  History of Farmers' Rights in the FAO
  Farmers' Rights in the literature
  Civil Society Organizations' approaches to Farmers' Rights

Photo: G. Ulutuncok