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FARMERS' RIGHTS LEGISLATION & POLICY DATABASE:

Andean Community

What is known today as the Andean Community was created 26 May 1969 by the signing of the Cartagena Agreement. The Andean Community currently has four member countries; Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay are associate members, while Mexico and Panama have status as observer countries.


Legislation on Farmers' Rights and community rights related to crop genetic resources

No legislation found


Legislation on conservation and sustainable use of crop genetic resources

No legislation found


Traditional knowledge legislation

No legislation found


Bioprospecting legislation with access and benefit sharing provisions

Decision 391, Common Regime on Access to Genetic Resources
   Status: Adopted as of 2 July 1996
   Relevant provisions: Title 2. On the Purpose and Aims, Title 3. On the Scope, Title 4. On the Principles, Title 5. On the Access Procedure, Title 6. On the Ancillary Contracts to the Access Contract, Title 7. On the Limitations to Access
   Download the legislation (PDF)


Seed laws, including seed certification rules

No legislation found


Laws on plant variety protection, also called plant breeders' rights legislation

Decision 345, Common Provisions on the Protection of the Rights of Breeders of New Plant Varieties
   Status: Adopted as of 21 October 1993
   Relevant provisions: Chapter 3. Recognition of Breeders` Rights, Chapter 4. Registration, Chapter 5. Obligations and Rights of the Breeder
   Download the legislation (PDF)


Patent laws

No legislation found
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Photo: Fulvio Eccardi
 Note to our users:
 The Farmers' Rights Legislation Database depends on input from you. Please help us update our database by reporting new FR-related legislation in your country to us. Contact details >