Protecting Farmers' New Varieties: New Approaches to
Rights on Collective Innovations in Plant Genetic Resources
|Salazaar, Rene; Bert Visser & Niels Louwaars
Protecting Farmers' New Varieties: New Approaches to Rights on
Collective Innovations in Plant Genetic Resources
Development, Vol 35 No 9, pp. 1515-1528
This article documents how
modern varieties developed in the formal sector have gradually replaced
landraces as a source of diversity for many small-scale traditional farmers.
However, this development has not done away with farmer-breeding, which is
vital in traditional agriculture.
This knowledge is of great importance
when designing plant breeders and farmers' rights, in order to ensure food
security and genetic diversity. The major challenges are to warrant the
recognition of the collective innovation and breeding efforts of farmers, to
allow access to relevant genetic resources, and to keep these materials freely
available for use and further breeding - while at the same time ensuring
effective benefit sharing, the authors conclude.