Plant genetic diversity in agriculture and farmers
rights in Norway
| Andersen, Regine (2012):
diversity in agriculture and farmers rights in Norway
17/2012. (Lysaker, Norway: The Fridtjof Nansen Institute)
| Andersen, Regine (2011):
jordbruket og bønders rettigheter i Norge
FNI Report 11/2011.
(Lysaker, Norway: The Fridtjof Nansen Institute)
These reports, one
Norwegian version and one English version, takes the International Treaty on
Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as a point of departure and
analyses achievements, gaps and needs with regard to its implementation in
Norway, with focus on its provisions on farmers rights. Although much
crop genetic diversity has been lost in Norway, substantial efforts are being
made to save what is left, and to ensure farmers rights. Regulations on
plant varieties and seed marketing represent some of the barriers, but much
depends on how they will be implemented in the time to come. Traditional
knowledge is disappearing, despite efforts to stop this. A consolidated
strategy is lacking. Economic incentive structures are not yet in place, except
for some seed money, so most of the work is based on pure idealism.
Farmers involved in crop genetic diversity could participate more actively in
decision making if they were better organized. The system of public
consultation is seriously challenged by Norways EEA membership, due to
the high turnover of decisions requiring implementation at the
national level, lack of transparency, and because Norwegian opinions on
decisions from the EU carry so little weight. To achieve a say in these
matters, it would probably be more useful to work together with other European
organizations involved in this issue-area. Nevertheless, much has happened in
recent years to facilitate the realization of farmers rights and enhance
the pool of crop genetic resources available to farmers.
the English version here.
report is also available here (in
Read information in Norwegian here.
article about the report in Norwegian