|Goals for the realization of Farmers'
Rights: TWO APPROACHES
|Protection of farmers' traditional knowledge
||The goals are to protect this knowledge against
extinction and thus to encourage its further use.
||The goals are to protect the knowledge against
misappropriation and to enable its holders to decide over its use.
|Equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the
use of genetic resources (§ 9.2.b)
||Benefits are to be shared between stewards of plant
genetic resources and society at large partly through the Multilateral
System and ODA.
||Benefits are to be shared between purported 'owners'
and 'buyers' of genetic resources upon prior informed consent on mutually
|Participation in relevant decisions at the
national level (§ 9.2.c)
||Participation is important to ensure legal space and
rewards for farmers' contributions to the genetic pool.
||Participation is important to ensure adequate
legislation on access and intellectual property rights.
|Farmers' customary use of propagation material
(saving, sharing, selling) (§ 9.3)
||The goal is to uphold the legal space to ensure
farmers' continued maintenance of plant genetic resources.
||The goal is to introduce farmers' intellectual
property rights along with breeders' rights - in balance.